The AMVA4NewPhysics work package I am involved in is related to developing tools for recasting new physics searches, with a particular focus on multivariate analyses. I would like to explain a little more about it in this article.
Let me begin by describing the motivation to look for new physics at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Despite the fact that the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics is very successful at describing most properties of elementary particles, there are many reasons to believe that nature is much more complicated and there is new physics, or physics beyond the Standard Model (BSM). Firstly, there is the hierarchy problem that asks why the electroweak scale or the Higgs mass, 125 GeV can be so light compared to the cutoff scale of the SM, the Planck scale if there is no BSM physics, which is 17 orders of magnitude larger than the electroweak scale. The Higgs mass is unprotected by any symmetry in the SM, and the quantum corrections to its mass are proportional to the cutoff scale. One requires an extreme fine tuning to keep the Higgs boson light while renormalizing the quantum effects, which seems to be totally unnatural. Secondly, as explained previously, there exists dark matter, which is thought by many to be a new type of elementary particle. For these and many other motivations, people are excited at the prospects of discovering BSM physics at the LHC.
Continue reading “Recasting new physics searches at the LHC”